KoshiTappu wildlife Reserve lies on the flood plains of Sapta Koshi in Saptari and Sunsari district of eastern Nepal. The Reserve established in 1976 covers 175 Sq.kms and stands as a testimony of nature conservstion in South Asia.During the monsoon rapid and complete inundation of the reserve depths range from 10 to 300cm.The SaptaKoshiRiver also changes its course from one season to another. The vegetation found here are mainly grassland with a few patches of Khair, Sissoo scrub forest and deciduous mixed riverine forest. The Park gained much wider recognition in the world when UNESCO included this area on the list of World Heritage Site in 1984. It should also be emphasized that only a very small part of the national park is used for tourism.
The reserve is a habitat for a diversity of wildlife mainly the wild buffalo also called Arnawhich is at the verge of extinction (about 100) are preserved here. This place is also a home for hog deer, spotted deer and other species of deer,along with blue bull, jackal, crocodile, dolphin, elephants. The reserve also assists the economy by providing fishing permits and allowing the collection of edible fruits and ferns in seasons. Local villagers are permitted to collect grasses from within the reserve in January each year. These are used for thatching roofs and building house walls. Because of intensive agriculture the grasses can no longer be found outside the reserve. An estimated us $250.00 worth thatch grass was removed during January 1987.
A total of 439 varietyof birds species have been recorded in the reserve. These include 20 species of ducks, 2 species of ibises many storks’ egrets’ herons and the endangered swamp partridges and Bengal floricans. The rare ‘Ghariyal’ Crocodile and Gangtic dolphin have also been traced in KoshiRiver.
After a flight of an hour from Kathmandu to Biratnagar followed by two hours drive koshiTappu Wildlife can be reached. TheKoshiTappu is one of the finest places in Nepal to view migratory and native water fowls, waders and shore birds during the winter seasons. Various unique species not recorded elsewhere in the state can be seen here. During the cold months ofJanuary, February and March many birds congregate here and then they migrate north with the beginning of warm weather. The well-qualified nature guides will take visitors out on walks, on jeep drives and boat rides for sightseeing of birds and the Arna the wild buffalo which are found only here in Nepal. We recommend the visitors to combine this tour either with treks in the eastern hills or with a tour to Bhutan and Sikkim or with a Sunkosi rafting trip for exciting experience.
How to Get There
1 hour flight from Kathmandu to Biratnagar Airport, then from the airport 1½ hour drive to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve Guest reception / welcome briefing Lunch will be served at around 1 p.m. Bird Watching/Elephant ride safari Slide show on the natural history of the reserve Dinner - Nepali Cuisine
Tea / coffee
Whole day - Boat & vehicle ride - excursion of Koshi river with packed lunch. We may see the wild buffaloes along the sand banks and the rare gangetic dolphins in the water. Evening - cultural dance program of the local Jhagad tribes
Dinner - barbeque
Morning - free or an optional village walk/bird-watching around the camp
Departure from the Lodge
END OF THE TRIP